By Adam Crawford
The ebook brings jointly a set of prime foreign specialists to discover the teachings learnt via implementation and the longer term instructions crime prevention guidelines. a few of the members were heavily taken with crime prevention and group protection coverage and examine in several international locations over a couple of years. As such, they're good put to mirror upon developmental trajectories and the path of switch during the last zone of a century, in addition to to attract out the underlying affects that experience formed such adjustments. learn more... Prelims; Contents; Figures and tables; Acknowledgements; Notes on participants; advent. The preventive flip in Europe; bankruptcy 1. Situating crime prevention policices in comparative standpoint: coverage travels, move and translation; bankruptcy 2. The political evolution of situational crime prevention in England and Wales; bankruptcy three. the preventive flip and the promoting of more secure groups in England and Wales: political inventiveness and governmental instabilities; bankruptcy four. the advance of group protection in Scotland: a unique course? bankruptcy five. The evolving tale of crime prevention in FranceChapter 6. 40 years of crime prevention within the Dutch polder; bankruptcy 7. 'Modernisation' of associations of social and penal regulate in Italy/Europe: the 'new' crime prevention; bankruptcy eight. Crime prevention on the Belgian federal point: from asocial democratic coverage to a neo-liberal and authoritarian coverage in a social democratic context; bankruptcy nine. Going round in circles? Reflections on
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Additional info for Crime Prevention Policies in Comparative Perspective
Despite the government resources allocated to prevention, this pales in the shade of the vast amounts of money that are consumed by the traditional criminal justice estate. To take one concrete example from England and Wales, the perceived failure to fully implement a major plank of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 is an illustrative case in point. Section 17 imposes a duty on local authorities, in exercising their various functions, to consider the crime and disorder implications and the need to do all that they reasonably can to prevent crime and disorder in their area.
Crime opportunities are highly specific, are concentrated in time and space, depend on everyday movements of activity and are interconnected such that one crime may produce opportunities for another (Felson and Clarke 1998). As some opportunities may be closed or restricted consequent to situational endeavours, others may be opened. Crucially, however, as Ekblom notes, continual adaptation and evolution ‘makes knowledge of what works in crime prevention a wasting asset’ (2005: 230). In essence, situational prevention privileges a particular kind of knowledge that is practical, empirical and reflexive.
Putting 23 j:book 13-5-2009 p:24 c:0 Crime Prevention Policies in Comparative Perspective crime and disorder considerations at the very heart of decision making, where they have always belonged’ (1997: para. 33). Moss and Pease notably suggested that ‘Section 17 is arguably the most radical part of the Act . . 17 considerations’ (1999: 15–16). They questioned whether Section 17 might constitute ‘the wolf in sheep’s clothing’ within the 1998 Act which itself sought to do much to advance and institutionalise crime prevention and community safety.
Crime Prevention Policies in Comparative Perspective by Adam Crawford
Categories: Russian Former Soviet Union