By L. Attwood
The 'new Soviet individual' the Bolsheviks have been devoted to making was once to be a qualitatively assorted style to that which existed below capitalism: a creature keen and desirous to subordinate his or her personal pursuits to these of society. either women and men could play a whole position within the building of socialism, however the version of the 'new girl' had an extra function - she additionally needed to reproduce the inhabitants. Balancing paintings and kinfolk didn't end up effortless, in particular opposed to the heritage of transferring financial and demographic priorities, and periodic adjustments needed to be made. This ebook explores the ways that the 'new woman', in her a variety of incarnations, was once awarded to woman voters from the Twenties to the tip of the Stalin period within the pages of the preferred women's magazines, Rabotnitsa (The lady employee) and Krest'yanka (The Peasant Woman).
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Additional info for Creating the New Soviet Woman: Women's Magazines as Engineers of Female Identity, 1922-53 (Studies in Russian & East European history & society)
Even if women were relieved of cooking, cleaning and childcare for their own families, these would continue to remain female functions. It was rarely suggested that men might be capable of taking on some of the domestic burden. One notable exception came in a 1925 article in Rabotnitsa about a workers’ settlement attached to a china factory. In this semi-rural community women’s work was particularly arduous since almost all families kept a few animals to supplement their wages – a cow, a pig, a goat, some chickens – and it was the women’s task to care for these animals, in addition to doing their housework and their paid jobs.
1 Yet the world-wide collapse of capitalism failed to take place, and Russia found herself in a state of isolation as well as economic devastation. In 1921, at the 10th Party Congress, the New Economic Policy was launched. Intended as a short-term measure to revive the economy, it involved putting many of the earlier socialist declarations on hold and resurrecting some degree of private trade and industry. Its principal aim was to persuade the peasants to produce more food so that the cities would be adequately fed.
22 Accordingly, if crèches and kindergartens were to exist, this would have to be largely due to the efforts of women themselves. One of the tasks of the magazines was to convince women of the importance of crèches and kindergartens. Rural women were particularly hard to win round; they were used to taking their children with them to the fields and could see no reason to change this practice. Krest′yanka insisted that they would be amazed at what their children learned and experienced during the course of the day; as one article cooed, ‘the little one prattles away, impatient to share with his mother his experiences, 36 The 1920s or he entertains his tired mother with a song .
Creating the New Soviet Woman: Women's Magazines as Engineers of Female Identity, 1922-53 (Studies in Russian & East European history & society) by L. Attwood
Categories: Russian Former Soviet Union