By Dorothee Birke, Michael Butter, Tilmann K. Ppe
Counterfactuality is at present a hotly debated subject. whereas for a few disciplines, reminiscent of linguistics, cognitive technological know-how, or psychology, counterfactual situations were a big item of research for relatively some time, counterfactual considering has in recent times emerged as a mode of research for different disciplines, such a lot particularly the social sciences. This quantity offers an summary of the present definitions and uses of the idea that of counterfactuality in philosophy, historiography, political sciences, psychology, linguistics, physics, and literary studies. Read more...
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Additional info for Counterfactual thinking, counterfactual writing
46 A contribution written in exile in 1937–38 by Ferdinand Lion (1883–1963) offers a number of counterfactual imaginations that can be read as counterimaginations to those of Petersen, even though there is no evidence for a direct reference. While Lion’s imaginations are in better accord with today’s view, their justification is not sound any more. In the section “Goethe and today” of his essay “Goethean Politics”, Lion presents a survey of counterfactual imaginations entitled “League of nations”, “Federalism”, “Parlia43 44 45 46 Julius Petersen, “Goetheverehrung in fünf Jahrzehnten: Ansprache zur Feier des 50jährigen Bestehens der Goethe-Gesellschaft am 27.
4, pp. 309–339, p. 321. Cf. Mary S. Morgan, “Economic Man as Model Man: Ideal Types, Idealization and Caricatures”, in: Journal of the History of Economic Thought, 28/2006, pp. 1–27; Manfred Tietzel, “Die Rationalitätsannahme in den Wirtschaftswissenschaften oder Der homo oeconomicus und seine Verwandten”, in: Jahrbuch für Sozialwissenschaft, 32/1981, pp. 115–139. Mill, “On the Definition”, p. 322. First Steps Toward an Explication of Counterfactual Imagination 25 partial agreement of his abstraction with the economic reality.
I use this account to counter doubts about the cognitive function of fiction and narrative in general. I. ” The right kind of answer is “because Moby has hurt him”. In some accounts, this explanatory “because” must be sustained by a counterfactual: “If Moby had not hurt Ahab, Ahab would not pursue Moby”. However, this intuitively true counterfactual does not fit the standard analysis of counterfactuals: 1 2 3 J. David Velleman, “Narrative Explanation”, in: The Philosophical Review, 112/2003, pp.
Counterfactual thinking, counterfactual writing by Dorothee Birke, Michael Butter, Tilmann K. Ppe