Download e-book for iPad: Confusion: A Study in the Theory of Knowledge by Joseph L. Camp Jr.

By Joseph L. Camp Jr.

ISBN-10: 0674006208

ISBN-13: 9780674006201

Every person has flawed something for one more, reminiscent of a stranger for an acquaintance. anyone who has flawed issues, Joseph Camp argues, even on an important scale, continues to be in a position to logical concept. so as to make that concept special, one wishes a common sense of stressed concept that's ignorant of the excellence among the items which have been burdened. pressured inspiration and language can't be characterised as actual or fake even supposing reasoning carried out in such language may be categorised as legitimate or invalid. To the level that philosophers have addressed this factor in any respect, they take it with no consideration that confusion is one of those ambiguity. Camp rejects this inspiration; his basic declare is that confusion isn't really a psychological country. To characteristic confusion to a person is to take in a paternalistic stance in comparing his reasoning. Camp proposes a unique characterization of bewilderment, after which demonstrates its fruitfulness with a number of functions within the background of philosophy and the historical past of technology. (20020101)

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Extra info for Confusion: A Study in the Theory of Knowledge

Example text

But we have framed them as options for assigning a speaker’s reference, declining to deal with the idea of semantic reference, or reference in the common language. As I said, this seems to me an unnecessary compli- Fred and the Ant Colony 31 31 cation. ” This is all the meaning the name “Charley” has in the common language. We get to ask our philosophical questions just the same, but we do not have a second dimension of reference or meaning floating around needing to be watched. Now back to the thread.

Suppose we were to characterize Fred as equivocating: using the name “Charley” with studied ambiguity. For simplicity, suppose we care only about those “Charley” sentences Fred tokens when he is looking squarely at one or the other of the two big ants. We adopt the policy of interpreting his tokens of the name “Charley” as referring to the ant before his eyes, and only that ant. We accompany this policy with a straightforward classical first-order validity criterion (all that matters to the example is that equivocation be fallacious).

In the twentieth century the debate about the “incorrigibility” of sense-content propositions such as “I feel cool” or “I am appeared-to redly” has concerned the epistemic properties of these propositions—for instance, whether they are noninferentially knowable, or whether they are “made true by” the very experiences one takes as confirming them. These were not early modern concerns. Usually, when early modern epistemologists sound as though they are worrying about these issues of the propositional epistemology of perception, they are in fact grappling with the problem of how—if at all—there can be unconfused (“distinct”) awarenesses, and the subsidiary problem of how one might figure out which kind one was experiencing.

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Confusion: A Study in the Theory of Knowledge by Joseph L. Camp Jr.


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