National Research Council, Division on Engineering and's Condensed-Matter and Materials Physics: Basic Research for PDF

By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Physics and Astronomy, Committee on Condensed-Matter and Materials Physics

ISBN-10: 0309063493

ISBN-13: 9780309063494

This ebook identifies possibilities, priorities, and demanding situations for the sector of condensed-matter and fabrics physics. It highlights intriguing fresh clinical and technological advancements and their societal impression and identifies notable questions for destiny learn. themes variety from the technological know-how of recent expertise to new fabrics and constructions, novel quantum phenomena, nonequilibrium physics, tender condensed topic, and new experimental and computational tools.

The e-book additionally addresses structural demanding situations for the sphere, together with nurturing its highbrow power, protecting a fit mix of huge and small study amenities, bettering the field's integration with different disciplines, and constructing new methods for scientists in academia, executive laboratories, and to interact. will probably be of curiosity to scientists, educators, scholars, and policymakers.

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Additional resources for Condensed-Matter and Materials Physics: Basic Research for Tomorrow's Technology

Sample text

A better understanding of the relationship between their structure and properties should lead to many new materials and applications. Polyolefins, another class of complex fluids, are produced in large quantities—about as much annually by weight as steel. These molecules, formed into long-chain polymers, have many uses such as less-expensive alternatives to nylon. With the aid of new catalysts, it became possible during the past decade to put monomers like ethylene onto the chain in a highly controlled way to create synthetic materials with a range of properties such as hardness and ductility.

Modern computers and their associated visualization capabilities are now so powerful, they are beginning to provide “virtual laboratories” that offer new ways to acquire physical insight by exploring the effects of varying physical parameters. Real physical experiments will always be necessary, but computation may provide a virtual experimental space that will greatly speed up decisions about what kinds of experiments to do and where to look for new phenomena. A major event of the decade for individual-researcher laboratories has been the development of scanning-probe microscopes as routine, off-the-shelf analytical tools.

S. S. Department of Defense, and other agencies that support condensed-matter and materials physics research should continue to nurture the core research at the heart of the field. The research areas described in the Overview provide a guide to the scientific arenas at the forefront of this work. • The agencies that support and direct research should plan for increased investment in modernizing the condensed-matter and materials physics research infrastructure at universities and government laboratories.

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Condensed-Matter and Materials Physics: Basic Research for Tomorrow's Technology by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Physics and Astronomy, Committee on Condensed-Matter and Materials Physics


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