By Stefan Silbernagl, Agamemnon Despopoulos jr.
The fifth English version has been completely revised when it comes to content material and association of the didactic fabric; just about all of the colour illustrations were drawn anew for more suitable readability. The wide introductory bankruptcy specializes in elements of cytophysiology. as a result of the significantly improved textual content and better illustrative fabric, practical connections are simply well-known; new innovations and present advances in study are taken totally under consideration. major gains are: normal and mobile body structure; Nerve and muscle; Autonomic frightened method; Blood; respiratory; Acid-base stability; Kidney salt and water stability; center and movement; Thermal stability and thermoregulation; food and digestion; Hormonal regulate; principal frightened process and senses
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Extra resources for Color Atlas of Physiology
1 Brownian particle movement (~T) 2 Passive transport O2 PO2 Gas O2 O2 3 PO2 profile O2 PO2 0 PO2 Slope=gradient = dP/dx P X x Water P 0 x Distance from O2 source (x) B. 10 1 Passive Transport by Means of Diffusion I A. Diffusion in homogeneous media Space b Ca Gradient Cb Pore a Cb C ∆x Space a Membrane Space b Ca – Cb =∆C C. Diffusion through lipid membranes 1 Hydrophilic substance X (k <1) 5 nm CXa Gradient Water Lipid membrane Gradient CY a CX Water k= 2 Hydrophobic substance Y (k >1) b Water Lipid membrane CY b Water Equilibrium concentration in olive oil Equilibrium concentration in water 21 (Partly after S.
In other words, an increased hormone supply down-regulates the receptor density. Exocytosis (Ǟ p. , pancreatic enzymes; Ǟ p. , posterior pituitary hormone; Ǟ p. 280) or neurotransmitters (Ǟ p. ). These substances are kept “packed” and readily available in (clathrin-coated) secretory vesicles, waiting to be released when a certain signal is received (increase in cytosolic Ca2+). The “packing material” (vesicle membrane) is later re-endocytosed and recycled. Exocytotic membrane fusion also helps to insert vesicle-bound proteins into the plasma membrane (Ǟ p.
Greger) 0 Clamp voltage –20 mV 2 0 2 Single-channel current recording 2 Clamp voltage –40 mV 0 Despopoulos, Color Atlas of Physiology © 2003 Thieme All rights reserved. Usage subject to terms and conditions of license. 33 1 Fundamentals and Cell Physiology 34 ̈ ing force for K+ efflux is therefore low, though gK is high. Despite a high driving force for Na+, Na+ influx is low because the gNa and fNa of resting cells are relatively small. Nonetheless, the sodium current, INa, can rise tremendously when large numbers of Na+ channels open during an action potential (Ǟ p.
Color Atlas of Physiology by Stefan Silbernagl, Agamemnon Despopoulos jr.
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