Read e-book online Climate Change, Climate Science and Economics: Prospects for PDF

By G. Cornelis van Kooten

ISBN-10: 9400749872

ISBN-13: 9789400749870

ISBN-10: 9400749880

ISBN-13: 9789400749887

This quantity allows readers to appreciate the complexity linked to weather switch coverage and the technological know-how at the back of it. for instance, the writer describes the feedback and security of the commonly recognized “hockey stick” temperature graph derived from combining instrumental facts and proxy temperature symptoms utilizing tree ring, ice middle and different paleoclimatic information.

Readers also will examine that worldwide warming can't simply be shunned through lowering CO2 and different greenhouse gasoline emissions in wealthy international locations. not just is emissions relief super tough in wealthy international locations, yet calls for reminiscent of the UN mandate to enhance the lives of the poorest worldwide electorate can't be chuffed with no considerably expanding international strength use, and CO2 emissions. for this reason, the writer asserts that weather engineering and variation are most effective to mitigation, quite because the technological know-how is below enough for making company statements concerning the Earth’s destiny climate.

Readers also will study that worldwide warming can't simply be refrained from by means of decreasing CO2 and different greenhouse gasoline emissions in wealthy international locations. not just is emissions aid super tricky in wealthy international locations, yet calls for reminiscent of the UN mandate to enhance the lives of the poorest worldwide voters can't be chuffed with out considerably expanding worldwide power use, and CO2 emissions. hence, the writer asserts that weather engineering and variation are most excellent to mitigation, quite because the technological know-how is under enough for making company statements in regards to the Earth’s destiny climate.

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Extra resources for Climate Change, Climate Science and Economics: Prospects for an Alternative Energy Future

Example text

4 The system has been a media relations coup, with television stations able to provide viewers with real-time temperature readings from a school located close to where they live. Information from two schools can be used to illustrate the measurement issues that plague climate scientists in ‘constructing’ regional or global temperature averages. A major problem facing scientists is that of removing the effects of socioeconomic activities (non-climatic factors), because a failure to do so confounds the impact that CO2 emissions have on temperatures.

The weather network is used below to describe a particularly difficult problem associated with temperature comparisons over space and time, namely, the effect of non-climatic factors. 8; Williams et al. 2008). For example, as discussed later in the chapter, they are not to be located on roofs where heat from the building could lead to erroneous readings. Further, surface air temperatures vary even at a single location, depending on how close to the ground the reading is taken. Thus, temperatures at 2 m above the ground will differ from those at 20 m; the ideal is to obtain a temperature reading that takes into account the temperatures at various heights, which implies that a weather station would need to measure continually the temperatures at points in a stack from next to ground level to 20 or more meters above ground.

22 2 Weather and the Instrumental Record Given that scientists do not and cannot know to what extent thermometers at various weather stations across a region, country or the globe are impacted by extraneous factors, any attempt to create an undefiled temperature summary is doomed to fail. Therefore, the question is not whether temperature reconstructions still include non-climatic factors, but to what extent? Before considering this further, there are other problems related to the aggregating of weather data that need to be considered.

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Climate Change, Climate Science and Economics: Prospects for an Alternative Energy Future by G. Cornelis van Kooten


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