By Mannava V.K. Sivakumar, Rattan Lal, Ramasamy Selvaraju, Ibrahim Hamdan
The international locations of West Asia and North Africa (WANA) have lengthy had the problem of delivering sustainable livelihoods for his or her populations within the fragile ecosystems of semi-arid and arid components. weather switch is already a truth in WANA and it areas extra constraints at the already fragile ecosystems of dry components and restricted ordinary assets in WANA. A complete and built-in method of making plans and enforcing the weather switch version techniques around the wide selection of agro-ecosystems in numerous international locations in WANA may aid either the planners and the neighborhood groups to deal successfully with the projected affects and in addition give a contribution to total sustainability of agricultural creation structures. This booklet addresses the $64000 factor of weather switch and nutrition safety in West Asia and North Africa and offers the suitable concepts that can assist in the improvement of recent regulations to higher adapt agriculture creation structures and increase meals safety in WANA.
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Additional info for Climate Change and Food Security in West Asia and North Africa
The drying feature is quite robust across models, as shown by the high level of agreement in the sign of CGCMs’ precipitation changes in Fig. 13d. Simulations of the Arabian Peninsula and Eastern Africa indicate an increase in precipitation, however there is recent concern that this increase may reflect a model bias (see discussion in section below). K. Sivakumar et al. Fig. 14 As in Fig. 1, but for the B1 (relatively-low) emissions scenario The similar summary of mid-century climate change projections for the WANA region, shown in Fig.
Disappearance of fragile ecosystems in desert and arid/semiarid areas is expected due to frequent drought and over grazing. Forced shifts in species habitats and increased risk of wildfire are expected to have negative effects on the health of herds. Increased probability of trans-boundary animal diseases may result impacts on prices, conflicts and food security. For the drylands of West Asia and North Africa it is not the effects of increased temperature per se that are of major concern but rather the expected changes in precipitation, storm events, snow fall and snowmelt, evapotranspiration, run-off and soil moisture, that will disturb the hydrological cycles.
Climate change is likely to add to the existing threats 25 20 15 Western Asia Northern Africa 10 5 0 1990-92 1999-01 2004-06 2007-09 2010--12 44 R. 0 Fig. 10 Trade balance (Export/Import Ratio) calculated from export and import value of agriculture products in Western Asia and Northern Africa (1961–2010) (Source: FAOSTAT) to food production and security from a number of converging trends such as high population growth rates, water scarcity, and land degradation. As the WANA region is already the major grain/agriculture product importing region (Fig.
Climate Change and Food Security in West Asia and North Africa by Mannava V.K. Sivakumar, Rattan Lal, Ramasamy Selvaraju, Ibrahim Hamdan