By Sami Matar Ph.D., Lewis F. Hatch Ph.D.
In Chemistry of Petrochemical Processes, readers discover a convenient and important resource of data containing insights into petrochemical reactions and items, technique expertise, and polymer synthesis. The publication studies and describes the reactions and techniques concerned with remodeling petroleum-based hydrocarbons into the chemical substances that shape the foundation of the multi-billion greenback petrochemical undefined. moreover, the booklet contains details on new method advancements for the creation of uncooked fabrics and intermediates for petrochemicals that experience surfaced because the book's first edition.
- Provides a brief knowing of the chemical reactions linked to oil and fuel processing
- Contains insights into petrochemical reactions and items, strategy expertise, and polymer synthesis
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Additional info for Chemistry of Petrochemical Processes
Newell, E. , Oil and Gas Journal, June 28, 1999, pp. 44–46. 25. Considine, D. , New York, 1977, pp. 3–163. 26. Dagani, R. “Gas hydrates eyed as future energy source,” Chemical and Engineering News, March 6, 1995, p. 39. Chapter 2 1/22/01 10:56 AM Page 29 CHAPTER TWO Hydrocarbon Intermediates INTRODUCTION Natural gas and crude oils are the main sources for hydrocarbon intermediates or secondary raw materials for the production of petrochemicals. From natural gas, ethane and LPG are recovered for use as intermediates in the production of olefins and diolefins.
Kerosines from cracking units are usually less stable than those produced from atmospheric distillation and hydrocracking units due to presence of variable amounts of olefinic constituents. Kerosine is usually a clear colorless liquid which does not stop flowing except at very low temperature (normally below –30°C). However, kerosine containing high olefin and nitrogen contents may develop some color (pale yellow) after being produced. The main constituents of kerosines obtained from atmospheric and Chapter 2 1/22/01 46 10:57 AM Page 46 Chemistry of Petrochemical Processes hydrocracking units are paraffins, cycloparaffins, and aromatics.
70, No. 3, 1991, pp. 166. 13. , Tulsa, Okla, 1982, p. 10. 14. Barwell, J. and Martin, S. , International Seminar on Petrochemical Industries, No. 9 (P-2) Iraq, Oct. 25–30, 1975. 15. Oil and Gas Journal, March 20, 1978, p. 94. 16. Krishna, A. S. , “Additives Improve FCC Process,” Hydrocarbon Processing, Vol. 70, No. 11, 1991, pp. 59–66. Chapter 3 1/22/01 10:58 AM Page 49 CHAPTER THREE Crude Oil Processing and Production of Hydrocarbon Intermediates INTRODUCTION The hydrocarbon intermediates referred to in the previous chapter are produced by subjecting crude oils to various processing schemes.
Chemistry of Petrochemical Processes by Sami Matar Ph.D., Lewis F. Hatch Ph.D.