By Georgio Pini
This quantity bargains with 13th-century interpretations of Aristotle's "Categories", delivering even as an creation to a few major issues of medieval philosophical common sense. The final chapters offer a scientific advent to Scotus's statement on Aristotle's treatise.
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Additional info for Categories and Logic in Duns Scotus: An Interpretation of Aristotle's Categories in the Late Thirteenth Century (Studien Und Texte Zur Geistesgeschichte Des Mittelalters)
W. Schmidt, The Domain Q/ Logic According to Saint Thomas Aquinas (rhe Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1 966), 94-129; R. , 1 993, 56-6 1 . 32 Thomas Aquinas does not state that logic deals with second in tentions; indeed, the very term 'second intention' does not seem to belong to his technical vocabulary. According to Aquinas, logic deals with the acts of the intellect. Now, it is a doctrine taken from Aristotle and commonly accepted that there are three kinds of acts of the intellect. The first act is the understanding of simple essences.
First, Aquinas regards the dif ference between metaphysics and logic as the difference between the consideration of the extramental things taken by themselves and the consideration of the extramental things as understood. Second, the category of substance is studied in logic as it is subject to a second intention, namely the intention of universality. It is the intellect that attributes this intention to substance. e. e. universality, what he says can be easily generalized: metaphysics studies categories as they are beings, whereas logic studies categories as they are subject to second intentions.
In order to obtain this result, Sutton turns to general terms pertaining to categories. He explains that there are two types of general terms. First, there are first imposition terms common to all categorial terms, such as the term 'being'. We could label these terms as 'metaphysical transcendental terms' (even though Sutton does not call them 'transcendental'), for metaphysics studies cate gories insofar as they are signified by these terms. Second, there are second imposition terms common to all categorial terms, such as 'universal', 'sayable' (dicibile), 'most general genus' (generalissimum), and the like.
Categories and Logic in Duns Scotus: An Interpretation of Aristotle's Categories in the Late Thirteenth Century (Studien Und Texte Zur Geistesgeschichte Des Mittelalters) by Georgio Pini
Categories: Logic Language