By John Rennie Short
There’s no excuse for purchasing misplaced those days—satellite maps on our pcs can chart our trip intimately and electronics on our automobile dashboards train us which technique to flip. yet there has been a time while the various panorama of North the US was once mostly undocumented, and expeditions like that of Lewis and Clark got down to map its expanse. As John Rennie brief argues in Cartographic Encounters, that mapping of the hot international used to be purely attainable because of a different dating among the indigenous population and the explorers. during this important reinterpretation of yankee historical past, brief describes how past money owed of the mapping of the recent global have principally overlooked the basic function performed via neighborhood, indigenous courses. The alternate of knowledge that resulted from this “cartographic stumble upon” allowed the local american citizens to attract upon their vast wisdom of the land within the desire of gaining a greater place one of the settlers. This account deals a thorough new knowing of Western growth and the mapping of the land and should be necessary to students in cartography and American historical past.
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Extra info for Cartographic Encounters: Indigenous Peoples and the Exploration of the New World
Manhattan remains the name of the island between the Hudson and the East River, and at least 25 of the 50 states of the union trace their names to Native American words, ideas or places. But the Native Americans that were the source of these names have long since disappeared. And to add insult to injury, the role of Native Americans in the exploration/mapping of North America is too often ignored or forgotten. Despite the traditional view that Europeans created maps of the continent on their own, Native Americans were involved in the mapping of North America.
9 Detail from a later revised copy of Ac ko mok ki’s ‘Map of The West’. edition of his printed map of North America, A Map Exhibiting All the New Discoveries in the Interior Parts of North America, showing the course of the Missouri River from the Rocky Mountains to St Louis. It indicated to Thomas Jefferson that a route was possible from St Louis up the Missouri through the Rockies to the Pacific. Lewis and Clark used the Arrowsmith map as they made their way to the Pacific. 31 part ii | colonial cartographies [O]n the ninth of April, with all possible solemnity, we performed the ceremony of planting the cross and raising the arms of France.
Francis Nicholson, the governor of Maryland, South Carolina and Virginia from 1721 to 1728, was interested in native cartographic knowledge. Around 1721 he was presented with two indigenous maps: a Chickasaw map on deer skin depicting the Indian nations between South Carolina and the Mississippi and a Catawba map showing Indian tribes in South Carolina. The cartographers, each referred to as an unnamed ‘Indian Cacique’, produced highly abstract depictions of intertribal connections. The Chickasaw map covers a vast area of more than a 386,000 square miles.
Cartographic Encounters: Indigenous Peoples and the Exploration of the New World by John Rennie Short