By Sergey V. Dorozhkin
Due to an exceptional chemical similarity with the organic calcified tissues, many calcium orthophosphates own notable biocompatibility and bioactivity. fabrics scientists use this estate largely to build man made bone grafts which are both completely made up of or purely surface-coated with the biologically correct calcium orthophosphates. Porous scaffolds made from calcium orthophosphates are very promising instruments for tissue engineering functions. A finished review of calcium orthophosphates, this e-book highlights their value and biomedical uses.
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Additional resources for Calcium Orthophosphates: Applications in Nature, Biology, and Medicine
In addition, mCPm is used as a nutrient, acidulant and mineral supplement for dry baking powders, food, feed and some beverages [134, 135]. Coupled with NaHCO3, mCPm is used as a leavening agent for both dry baking powders and bakery dough. mCPm might be added to salt-curing preserves, pickled and marinated foods. According to the European classification of food additives, mCPm is marked as E341 additive. 6 Top: a 3D version of the classical solubility phase diagrams for the ternary system Ca(OH)2–H3PO4–H2O.
According to the authors, a closer examination of the structures revealed that all available calcium orthophosphates could be included into distorted glaserite type structures, but with varying degrees of distortion [115, 189]. 14 Multiphasic and Polyphasic Calcium Orthophosphate Compositions Calcium orthophosphates might form multiphasic and/or polyphasic compositions, in which the individual components cannot be separated from each other. 1 μm) and strongly integrated with each other. Nevertheless, the presence of all individual phases is easily seen by X-ray diffraction technique.
Other applications comprise porcelains, pottery, enamel, using as a component for mordants and ackey, as well as a polymer stabilizer . β-TCP of a technical grade (as either calcined natural phosphorites or bone dust) is used as a slow release fertilizer for acidic soils . 7 α-TCP α-tricalcium phosphate (α-Ca3(PO4)2; the chemically correct names are calcium orthophosphate tribasic alpha or tricalcium bis(orthophosphate) alpha) is usually prepared from β-TCP at heating above ~1125°C  and it might be considered as a high temperature phase of β-TCP.
Calcium Orthophosphates: Applications in Nature, Biology, and Medicine by Sergey V. Dorozhkin
Categories: Solid State Physics