By Caroline A. Williams
''Bridging the Early glossy Atlantic World'' brings jointly ten unique essays through a world staff of students exploring the complicated results of the intermingling of individuals, move of products, alternate of knowledge, and publicity to new principles which are the hallmark of the early smooth Atlantic. Spanning the interval from the earliest French crossings to Newfoundland before everything of the 16th century to the top of the wars of independence in Spanish South the United States, c. 1830, and encompassing a number disciplinary ways, the participants direct specific cognizance to areas, groups, and teams whose actions in, and responses to, an ever-more heavily certain Atlantic global stay rather under-represented within the literature. a number of the chapters concentrate on the adventure of Europeans, together with French shoppers of Newfoundland cod, English retailers forming households in Spanish Seville, and Jewish refugees from Dutch Brazil making the Caribbean island of Nevis their domestic. Others specialize in the ways that the populations with whom Europeans got here into touch, enslaved, or between whom they settled - the Tupi peoples of Brazil, the Kriston ladies of the west African port of Cacheu, between others - tailored to and have been replaced via their interactions with formerly unknown peoples, items, associations, and concepts. including the colossal advent by means of the editor which reports the importance of the sphere as an entire, those essays seize the complexity and diversity of expertise of the numerous women and men who got here into touch throughout the interval, while highlighting and illustrating the porous and fluid nature, in perform, of the Early smooth Atlantic global.
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Extra resources for Bridging the Early Modern Atlantic World
Introduction 15 on the Dutch island of Curaçao’s links with the Spanish mainland, however, provides some insight into the range of individuals involved on both sides of this particular imperial divide, and into the wider and longer-term effects of contact between them. 63 The island developed principally as a base from which a wide variety of European commodities, such as wines, cloth, and spices – shipped in from Dutch ports but the vast majority of which were neither of Dutch origin nor manufacture – were sold on to buyers in the Spanish, English, and French colonies in exchange for a whole range of commodities, including cacao, brazilwood, tobacco, and sugar.
13. , p. 33. 96 Pritchard, In Search of Empire, p. 142. 91 Introduction 23 have fished and transported a live catch of perhaps as much as 200,000 tonnes per season. 99 Perhaps for this reason, and despite the fact that due to the resources of the new fishing grounds cod came to account for as much as sixty per cent of all fish consumed in Europe between the mid-sixteenth and the mid-eighteenth centuries,100 its impact on the societies and cultures of consuming nations has received less attention than those previously unknown and more obviously exotic plants of New World origin that altered tastes, transformed diets, and created new customs and rituals across the Old.
Among these she identifies in particular merchants and clergy who ‘moved often and easily within an integrated Spanish Atlantic world’, and who through their social contacts initiated metropolitan ‘neophytes’ in all the varieties of the chocolate drink, and in the ways of drinking it. 110 Over time, Norton acknowledges, the beverage that people in Europe consumed diverged from that which early settlers 108 Norton, ‘Tasting Empire’: 668, 680. , 676–9, 682. , 668, 670, 679–81. 109 Bridging the Early Modern Atlantic World 26 had initially encountered in the Americas, not least because Old World spices and flavourings, the most notable being sugar and cinnamon, replaced the original ingredients of honey, chilli pepper, and flower spices.
Bridging the Early Modern Atlantic World by Caroline A. Williams