By T. R. Oke
This contemporary climatology textbook explains the climates shaped close to the floor by way of the biking of power and mass via platforms
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C) Other mass balances The cycles of energy and water are by far the most important in explaining surface climates, but it should be noted that there are others operating in the E-A system on similar space and time scales. Examples include the cycles of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and sulphur. Of these the CO portion 2 of the carbon cycle is of most immediate interest to this book because it interacts with both solar energy and water in the process of photosynthesis. 10. 2 Physical basis of boundary layer climates 1 EXCHANGES AND CLIMATIC RESPONSES NEAR SURFACES This section opens by considering the concept of a ‘surface’ and how exchanges at this interface produce climatic effects.
The former, although deriving their initial impetus near the surface, owe their internal dynamics to condensation which often occurs at the top or above the boundary layer. The latter are dominated by weather dynamics occurring at much larger scales than outlined above. ) extending to a depth where diurnal exchanges of water and heat become negligible. g. air temperature and humidity) in time and space. While this information conveys a useful impression of the state of the atmosphere at a location it does little to explain how this came about.
Air temperature and humidity) in time and space. While this information conveys a useful impression of the state of the atmosphere at a location it does little to explain how this came about. Such parameters are really only indirect measures of more fundamental quantities. Air temperature and humidity are really a gauge of the thermal energy and water status of the atmosphere respectively, and these are tied to the fundamental energy and water cycles of the Earth-Atmosphere system. 3 Energy flow through a system.
Boundary layer climates by T. R. Oke