By Agnia Grigas
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Extra resources for Beyond Crimea: The New Russian Empire
In landmass it was one of the largest empires in history, surpassed only by the British and Mongol empires. However, the Russian Empire’s origins date even earlier—it grew from the Muscovite Russia in the fifteenth century, particularly after Ivan the Terrible was proclaimed tsar in 1547. An important feature of the Russian Empire was serfdom—landless peasants who belonged to the feudal landlord. 27 Established as early as the eleventh century, the system was abolished by decree in 1861 (the same year the American Civil War broke out to end slavery) but many conditions of serfdom persisted.
The United States under the leadership of George W. Bush supported NATO expansion to Ukraine and Georgia and installing a missile defense system for Central and Eastern Europe. President Barack Obama sought to “reset” relations with Moscow and some progress was made before the initiative fizzled. S. 20 In early 2015, after rocket attacks from Russian-supported separatist regions on the Ukrainian city of Mariupol, the EU extended its sanctions on Russia. Motyl has argued in Foreign Affairs that George F.
This has resulted in de facto or de jure annexation of territories where Russian compatriots reside, as demonstrated in Ukraine, Georgia, and Moldova. Indeed, Putin’s request to the Russian Senate to approve military intervention in Ukraine in order to “protect the interests of Russian citizens and compatriots”22 on 1 March 2014 highlighted once seemingly innocuous compatriot policies that had been formulated two decades ago. These policies, whose origins and development will be explained in detail in Chapter 3, were ostensibly meant to protect and support ethnic Russians and Russian speakers living in the near abroad.
Beyond Crimea: The New Russian Empire by Agnia Grigas
Categories: Russian Former Soviet Union