By Geoffrey Swain
Overlaying the horrors that happened in Latvia from the start of the second one global warfare until eventually 1947, this booklet specializes in the guts of the twentieth century: Stalinist industrialization, collectivization and political annihilation; Nazi expansionism and genocide; with neighborhood nationalism, neighborhood nationalist rivalries, and native anti-Semitism. the writer strains the advancements in a single specific area of Latvia, Daugavpils. There, the hassle of Hitler or Stalin, the ideological fight of fascism or communism used to be extra acute than wherever else in Europe because the inhabitants was once actively enthusiastic about constructing either.
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Extra info for Between Stalin and Hitler: Class War and Race War on the Dvina, 1940-46
In a special Monday issue on 25 November (there was usually no edition on a Monday, to give print workers a free Sunday), Latgal’skaya Pravda explained how the lat and rouble were being brought into line: wages would go up and prices would go up, but all would benefit because in the Soviet Union there was no unemployment, medical care and education were free, there were good pensions and there had been a land reform; Latvia was all the better for not being a small, isolated country in a world at war.
82 This sort of activity meant that in the countryside the activities of communist activists were on a par with Mao’s Red Guards in communist China. Not only the Church suffered but other cherished symbols of the past. 83 Memorials to those who had died in Latvia’s short but bloody civil war offered a similar challenge to traditional values, now condemned as aizsarg values. Young communists in Bi¿ernieki took the lead in a campaign which was to last several months. On 11 September they organised an event to commemorate the death in 1919 of a Red Army man taking part in Latvia’s civil war.
For two weeks after 17 June there had been a time of upheaval, chaos, popular initiative and even popular struggle. This was not a revolution, but nor was it simply the power of the Red Army, although only the arrival of the Red Army allowed popular initiative to develop in the way it did. Once the ten days of preparations for the mid-July elections began with the creation of a fictitious Bloc of Working People things changed, something reflected in the local press. Quite suddenly Latgal’skaya Pravda became the sort of paper that could have been read anywhere in the Soviet Union.
Between Stalin and Hitler: Class War and Race War on the Dvina, 1940-46 by Geoffrey Swain
Categories: Russian Former Soviet Union