Download e-book for iPad: Being For: Evaluating the Semantic Program of Expressivism by Mark Schroeder

By Mark Schroeder

ISBN-10: 0199534659

ISBN-13: 9780199534654

Expressivism - the delicate modern incarnation of the noncognitivist learn application of Ayer, Stevenson, and Hare - is not any longer the province of metaethicists by myself. Its finished view concerning the nature of either normative language and normative notion has additionally lately been utilized to many issues somewhere else in philosophy - together with common sense, chance, psychological and linguistic content material, wisdom, epistemic modals, trust, the a priori, or even quantifiers. but the semantic commitments of expressivism are nonetheless poorly understood and feature now not been very a long way constructed. As argued inside, expressivists haven't but even controlled to resolve the "negation challenge" - to provide an explanation for why atomic normative sentences are inconsistent with their negations. therefore, it's faraway from transparent that expressivism even might be real, not to mention even if it is.Being For seeks to guage the semantic commitments of expressivism, through exhibiting how an expressivist semantics could paintings, what it could do, and how much assumptions will be required, to ensure that it to do it. development on a hugely basic knowing of the fundamental principles of expressivism, it argues that expressivists can clear up the negation challenge - yet simply in a single type of approach. It exhibits how this perception paves the way in which for an explanatorily robust, positive expressivist semantics, which solves a lot of what were taken to be the private difficulties for expressivism. however it additionally argues that no account with those benefits should be generalized to house buildings like demanding, modals, or binary quantifiers. Expressivism, the publication argues, is coherent and fascinating, yet fake.

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Extra info for Being For: Evaluating the Semantic Program of Expressivism

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And to do so, the idea goes, simply requires giving a compositional semantics for the meanings of complex sentences, treating them as a function of the meanings of their parts. So expressivists are committed to a compositional semantics for complex normative sentences. There are two points that I want to raise here, to come back to later. The first is that there is still something glib about this response to the embedding problem. Truth-conditional semanticists say that the truthconditions of a complex sentence are a function of the truth-conditions of its parts because its parts really do have truth-conditions, even when embedded—the same ones as they have when unembedded.

Expression 21 as unembedded; it is simply that they haven’t done so, yet. And to do so, the idea goes, simply requires giving a compositional semantics for the meanings of complex sentences, treating them as a function of the meanings of their parts. So expressivists are committed to a compositional semantics for complex normative sentences. There are two points that I want to raise here, to come back to later. The first is that there is still something glib about this response to the embedding problem.

Expressivists owe us a story not only about the relationship between ‘murder is wrong’ and ‘I disapprove of murder’, but of that between ‘grass is green’ and ‘I believe that grass is green’ as well. And it is not at all obvious, without actually seeing how to construct such an account, that expressivists will be able to construct an account that works as well as the same-content account. To see how well they are going to be able to do, we are going to have to consider some further ideas about what the relationship between ‘grass is green’ and the belief that grass is green could be.

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Being For: Evaluating the Semantic Program of Expressivism by Mark Schroeder


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