By Christopher J. Foot
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Additional resources for ATMOSPHERIC THERMODYNAMICS - Elementary Physics and Chemistry
The speed v is expressed in units of m s−1 . 2 km s−1 independent of mass. The value of the probability density function at v = 38σ is 10−313 s m−1 , which might help to explain why the Earth retains its atmosphere. 6. The value of the distribution is some 10−313 s m−1 . 7×109 years) is exceedingly small. The median of the distribution moves to higher speeds if the temperature is raised or if the mass of the molecules is lowered. 7 shows the case of hydrogen atoms (M = 1) at 350 K, a value characteristic of altitudes ∼ 120 km.
The little paperback titled simply Thermodynamics by Enrico Fermi has some marvelous descriptions of thermodynamic states, equilibria, etc. An older advanced book which contains speciﬁc applications to meteorology and especially applications to cloud physics is that of Irebarne and Godson (1981). Two newer books on applications of thermodynamics to atmospheric science and oceanography are those by Bohren and Albrecht (1998) and Curry and Webster (1999). Both are pitched at a higher level than the present text and both delve more deeply into many aspects of the subject.
What is RAr ? 2 J K−1 kg−1 . 18 What is the density of argon gas at STP? 78 kg m−3 . 2 kg m−3 and H is the scale height, nominally 10 km. What is the mass of air above 1 m2 at sea level? Answer: dm for a slab of thickness dz is ρ(z)A dz where A is the horizontal crosssectional area of the slab. 2 × 104 kg. Notation and abbreviations 41 Notes There are many good classical thermodynamics books. One which is very readable and includes a mix of elementary kinetic theory as well is Sears (1953). Another more recent but very readable account is by Houston (2001).
ATMOSPHERIC THERMODYNAMICS - Elementary Physics and Chemistry by Christopher J. Foot