Read e-book online Atmosphere: a scientific history of air, weather, and PDF

By Michael Allaby

ISBN-10: 0816060983

ISBN-13: 9780816060986

Humans were on the mercy of climate for the reason that they first realized to domesticate vegetation and lift domesticated animals. A unmarried hailstorm can break a crop. then again, adequate rain on the correct time combined with solar will ripen crops and create an plentiful harvest. since it is an issue of existence and loss of life, humans have attempted to appreciate climate styles all through heritage. attention-grabbing theories of climate phenomena have considering that advanced from the concept that supernatural beings have been attributed to atmospheric stipulations and will deliver ache and loss of life. The medical research of the ambience was once born greater than 2,000 years in the past in Greece, as philosophers discovered that climate styles had extra to do with typical procedures than with the intervention of gods. "Atmosphere" tells the tale of the atmospheric sciences, starting with the popularity that air is a cloth substance - a mix of gases - and describes the unraveling of its chemical composition. This new source examines the discovery of the barometer and thermometer, that are the main simple of meteorological tools, and the way they got here to be calibrated by means of Daniel Fahrenheit and Anders Celsius. whole with full-color pictures, sidebars, and additional interpreting, "Atmosphere" is a vital publication for college kids drawn to the atmospheric sciences.

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Extra resources for Atmosphere: a scientific history of air, weather, and climate

Example text

John Dalton was born at Eaglesfield, near the town of Cockermouth in Cumbria, England, on September  or , , the third of six children. His father was a prosperous weaver who also owned  acres ( ha) of land and a stationery shop attached to his weaving workshop. He was a devout member of the Society of Friends (Quakers) and in accordance with Quaker custom did not register John’s birth. Consequently, there is some uncertainty surrounding the precise date. John began his education at Pardshow Hall, the Quakers’ school in Eaglesfield, where his mathematical skill attracted the attention of Elihu Robinson, another member of the Eaglesfield Quaker community, who tutored him in mathematics, meteorology, and natural science.

Becher argued that when any combustible substance is burned terra pinguis is released. One of Becher’s students was another German chemist, Georg Ernst Stahl (1660–1734). ” Phlogiston was colorless, odorless, tasteless, and could not be sensed by touch, but it possessed mass. Every combustible substance contained it and released it when it was burned along with caloric (heat). The residue, after burning, was called calx (plural calces). Calx was the true form of the substance. Prior to burning, a substance was said to be phlogisticated, and after burning the calx was dephlogisticated.

Then the argon boiled away, leaving two heavier gases. ” Argon, neon, krypton, and xenon are known as noble gases, because at first they were thought to form no true, stable compounds. Xenon does form a few compounds, however, and neon forms compounds with fluorine. Lord Rayleigh was a physicist with a particular interest in waves. He studied light waves, sound waves, ocean waves, and seismic waves. As part of his research, he also studied the effect of the atmosphere on light waves passing through it.

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Atmosphere: a scientific history of air, weather, and climate by Michael Allaby

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