New PDF release: Ancient Meteorology

By Liba Taub

ISBN-10: 0415161967

ISBN-13: 9780415161961

В книге рассматриваются греческий и римский подходы и отношение к этой широкой дисциплине, которая в классический период включала не только "погоду", но и явления типа землетрясений или комет, которые сегодня были бы расценены как геологический, астрономический или сейсмологический фактор.
Учитывая господство сельского хозяйства в древнем обществе, не удивительно, что так много было написано о предсказаниях и объяснениях погоды, и о том, как противостоять против капризов и жестокости погоды и как добиться её расположения. Но изучение метеорологии в древности было не только практическим вопросом. Поэты, философы и врачи были также интересовались метеорологией, излагая важные вопросы о природе мира, или, иными словами, о единстве космических явлений, а также об отношениях между метеорологией и божественным.
Автор анализирует различные древние тексты, в которых встречаются метеорологические или научные идеи: от эпоса Гомера и дидактической поэзии Гесиода, Арата и Лукреция – до работ, типа «Метеорологии» Аристотеля и трактатов Гиппократа и Сенеки.Образцы сканов:

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Extra info for Ancient Meteorology

Sample text

45 But there is an interesting difference here: the author/ compiler of the ‘Geminus parape¯gma’ cites others as authorities (and probably as sources). The earliest authority cited is Meton (fl. 430 BCE) who is mentioned only once,46 but his contemporary Euctemon (fl. 430) is named forty-seven times. Democritus (fl. 48) reports produced his own parape¯gma, receives eleven citations, while Eudoxus (fl. 370) is mentioned sixty times; Callippus (fl. 330) is named thirty-three times and Dositheus (fl. g.

He was something of a pragmatist, content to achieve the possible, relying on what was available. 86 Otto Neugebauer, in A History of Ancient Mathematical Astronomy, gave an indication of the use of astronomical knowledge for weather prediction. He noted that ‘the Almagest contains several sections which were only added by Ptolemy in order not to omit from his works topics which traditionally belonged to mathematical astronomy’. 11) which is of little astronomical significance, dealing with ‘the determination of certain angles which were considered, apparently by a very old tradition, of importance for weather prognostication’.

51 Or, it is possible that On Weather Signs may have been an abridgement of a work on weather by either Aristotle or Theophrastus. 52 In any case, it seems likely that the work is an early product of the Peripatetic school; it is worth mentioning that it is always found in manuscripts containing other Peripatetic works. If this loose dating is correct, On Weather Signs predates those examples of parape¯gmata which survive. The author presents a variety of signs of weather. For example, as signs of rain the author offers: ‘If there is a cloud in front of the setting sun which splits up its rays, this is a sign of stormy weather.

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Ancient Meteorology by Liba Taub

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