Download PDF by Michael Morris: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Language

By Michael Morris

ISBN-10: 0521842158

ISBN-13: 9780521842150

During this textbook, Michael Morris bargains a severe creation to the imperative problems with the philosophy of language. every one bankruptcy focusses on one or texts that have had a seminal impact on paintings within the topic, and makes use of those as a manner of coming near near either the principal themes and a number of the traditions of facing them. Texts contain vintage writings via Frege, Russell, Kripke, Quine, Davidson, Austin, Grice and Wittgenstein. Theoretical jargon is stored to a minimal and is totally defined at any time when it truly is brought. the diversity of issues lined contains experience and reference, convinced descriptions, right names, natural-kind phrases, de re and de dicto necessity, propositional attitudes, truth-theoretical methods to that means, radical interpretation, indeterminacy of translation, speech acts, intentional theories of which means, and scepticism approximately that means. The booklet can be useful to scholars and to all readers who're drawn to the character of linguistic which means.

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But it leads to some awkwardness when we take proper account of (F3), the claim that definite descriptions and proper names are singular terms. This awkwardness makes it natural to suggest an alternative, but still broadly Fregean, account of Sense.

13 If you adopt (v) as your definition of validity, you can see that what really matters about the premises and conclusions of arguments is something very simple: whether they are true or false. Frege’s logic (modern elementary logic) is built in two layers, and the first depends on just this fact. 14 This is concerned with arguments which depend on relations between whole sentences. Since Fregean logic uses the conception of validity expressed by (v), what really matters about the sentences which appear as whole sentences in arguments is just whether they are true or false.

The other argument Frege uses in support of this claim relies on the Principle of Compositionality, (PC). If we accept (PC), then the meaning of a sentence must be whatever remains unchanged if we swap the words within it for other words whose meaning is the same. Frege applies this principle to reference as well as meaning in a more ordinary sense. 19 18 19 I am here offering an interpretation of the passage of argument of ‘U¨ber Sinn und Bedeutung’, pp. 32–4. ‘U¨ber Sinn und Bedeutung’, p. 35.

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An Introduction to the Philosophy of Language by Michael Morris

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