By Robert G. Fleagle and Joost A. Businger (Eds.)
This ebook is addressed to those that desire to comprehend the connection among atmospheric phenomena and the character of subject as expressed within the rules of physics. The attention-grabbing atmospheric phenomena are greater than functions of gravitation, of thermodynamics, of hydrodynamics, or of electrodynamics; and mastery of the result of managed scan and of the comparable thought by myself doesn't suggest an knowing of atmospheric phenomena. This contrast arises as the quantity and the complexity of the ambience let results and interactions which are completely negligible within the laboratory or are intentionally excluded from it. the target of laboratory physics is, by means of setting apart the correct variables, to bare the elemental homes of topic; while the target of atmospheric physics, or of any observational technology, is to appreciate these phenomena which are attribute of the complete method. For those purposes the exposition of atmospheric physics calls for enormous extensions of classical physics. It additionally calls for that figuring out be in keeping with a coherent "way of seeing" the ensemble of atmospheric phenomena. simply then is knowing more likely to stimulate nonetheless extra common insights.
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Additional resources for An Introduction to Atmospheric Physics
6. 1. GRAVITATIONAL EFFECTS Pressure forces acting normal to opposite faces of a differential element of volume. B. The horizontal pressure force plays an important role in the generation and maintenance of atmospheric motions, which are discussed in Chapter IV. Here we shall point out only that the horizontal pressure gradients indicated in Fig. 5 imply that persistent large scale wind systems must also exist. 10 Gravitational Tides Newton’s third law requires that the gravitational forces which are exerted by the moon and sun on the earth and the atmosphere be equal and opposite to those exerted by the earth on the moon and sun.
C. Kaye and T. H. , John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1973, and W. E. , 1959. 12 ENTROPY 49 and division gives cp c, J. 3. From this table it is clear that the specific heat as computed from Eqs. 40) corresponds closely to the observed values. 9 it follows that work done by a system depends on the process it goes through and not only on the initial and final states of the system; therefore dw is not expressible as an exact differential by expansion in terms of the state variables. The same consideration holds for heat.
The pressure, specific volume and temperature are called the state variables. It is clear that two state variables define the state of a system, and the endeavor of thermodynamics is to describe the characteristic properties of matter during various processes entirely in terms of the state variables. It is evident that only a special class of processes can be described, processes that are so gradual that at each instant the state of the system can be defined. In other words, the process evolves from one equilibrium state to the next.
An Introduction to Atmospheric Physics by Robert G. Fleagle and Joost A. Businger (Eds.)