By Rene Chartrand, Richard Hook (Illustrator)
The commanders who led the opposing armies of the yank struggle of Independence got here from remarkably diversified backgrounds. They integrated not just males from Britain and the United States, yet from Germany, France and Spain to boot. a few have been from the nice households of the "Old World", whereas others have been frontiersmen or farmers within the "New World". regardless of their differing origins, all have been leaders within the occasions that ended in the institution of the us of the US. This booklet information the looks, careers and personalities of the commanders on either side. It covers such recognized figures as George Washington and Lord Cornwallis in addition to much less famous males equivalent to Admiral Suffren and Bernando de Galvez.
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Extra resources for American War of Independence Commanders
Maj. Gen. Sir John Burgoyne according to a 19th century print after S. Holyer. Although the uniform details, such as the stand-and-fall collar which postdates the American Revolution, are not always exact, the likeness may well be fairly accurate to about 1775 as it bears a resemblance to George Romney's later portrait of Burgoyne. 31 Lt. Gen. Charles, Earl of Cornwallis, from a print after a portrait made in 1786 by John Smart. This likeness, along with Thomas Gainsborough's 1783 painting, shows the actual appearance of Cornwallis at the time of the siege of Yorktown.
In September, the almost unthinkable happened when the Royal Navy lost control of the sea to the French fleet and the combined armies of Washington and Rochambeau surrounded Yorktown. The French (continued on page 41) SARATOGA (OCTOBER 1777) 1: Sir John Burgoyne 2: Horatio Gates 3: Benedict Arnold A B GERMANTOWN (OCTOBER 6, 1777) 1: Sir William Howe 2: Henry Knox 3: John Sullivan NORTHWEST AND M O N M O U T H (1778) 1: Sir Henry Clinton 2: Charles Lee 3: George Rodgers Clark c D VARIOUS FRONTS (CANADA, INDIA, GIBRALTAR) 1: Sir Guy Carleton 2: Bailli de Suffren 3: George Augustus Elliott THE CARIBBEAN (1778-83) 1: Bernardo de Galvez 2: Marquis de Bouille 3: Sir George Rodney E F GUILFORD COURTHOUSE (MARCH 15, 1781) 1: Nathaniel Greene 2: Banastre Tarleton 3: Charles, Earl of Cornwallis YORKTOWN (OCTOBER 1781) 1: Friedrich von Steuben 2: Marquis de Lafayette 3: Duc de Lauzun G H YORKTOWN (OCTOBER 1781) 1: George Washington 2: Benjamin Lincoln 3: Comte de Rochambeau artillery was especially effective and some of the redoubts were stormed and taken by French and American troops.
Suffren needed water and also headed for La Praya, having no idea the British were already there until warned by the scout-ship L'Artésien which had been sent ahead. Seeing a stronger enemy - the British had 446 guns against the French's 352 - in the harbor of the currently neutral but traditionally hostile Portuguese, was too much for Suffren: he ordered an immediate attack. The surprise was complete and Johnstone, who was on shore, strove to rally his ships but ended up trying to organize the defense from a longboat.
American War of Independence Commanders by Rene Chartrand, Richard Hook (Illustrator)