By Helga Nowotny
The invention of high-temperature superconductivity used to be hailed as a massive clinical leap forward, inducing an extraordinary wave of pleasure and expectation one of the clinical neighborhood and within the overseas press. This e-book units this examine leap forward in context, and reconstructs the heritage of the invention. The authors research the emergence of this new study box and how its improvement was once formed by way of scientists and technological know-how coverage makers. in addition they study many of the institutional and nationwide settings during which the learn was once undertaken in addition to contemplating the clinical backgrounds and motivations of researchers who entered the sphere following the unique discovery.
Read or Download After the Breakthrough: The Emergence of High-Temperature Superconductivity as a Research Field PDF
Best solid-state physics books
This booklet is the 1st to improve a unified gauge idea of condensed topic platforms ruled by way of vortices or defects and their long-range interactions. Gauge fields give you the in basic terms technique of describing those interactions when it comes to neighborhood fields, rendering them obtainable to plain box theoretic thoughts.
This booklet bargains with the thoughts and strategies which have been built to fulfill this problem and with their software to the translation of scan. the writer surveys intimately the many-body recommendations, scaling, renormalization staff, Fermi liquid and Bethe ansatz, which result in an answer of the Kondo challenge for many of the theoretical versions.
Physics, instead of arithmetic, is the focal point during this vintage graduate lecture be aware quantity on statistical mechanics and the physics of condensed topic. This e-book offers a concise advent to easy suggestions and a transparent presentation of inauspicious issues, whereas not easy the scholar to mirror upon as but unanswered questions.
The belief for this ebook arose out of the conclusion that, even though very good surveys and a phosphor guide can be found, there is not any unmarried resource overlaying the realm of phosphate dependent phosphors specially for lamp undefined. in addition, as this box will get simply restricted cognizance in such a lot common books on luminescence, there's a transparent want for a ebook during which realization is in particular directed towards this quickly growing to be box of sturdy nation lights and its many purposes.
Additional info for After the Breakthrough: The Emergence of High-Temperature Superconductivity as a Research Field
But, not submitting his paper to Physical Review Letters until February 6, Chu was confronted with a major problem inherent in the conventional scientific publishing system: the possibility of information leaks or publication delays. He chose unconventional tricks to protect his work and ensure its priority. First, the paper contained two systematic mistakes that rendered it useless to any reader. He waited until February 18, the last possible moment before publication, to send his corrections to the journal (Wu et al, 1987).
In 1973, superconductivity was found in oxides at 13 K, demonstrating that the field still held surprises. But for the time being, researchers were unable to raise the critical temperature in superconducting oxides, and research turned elsewhere. Thus, until the Zurich discovery, 23 K was the highest critical temperature of any known superconductor. There was a seemingly satisfactory theory explaining the phenomenon, but experimentation was yielding few advances. As a field of basic research, superconductivity seemed closed and interest had slowly waned.
Numerous conferences were held around the world. To protect claims to priority over rival research teams and even close colleagues, some researchers developed a mania for secrecy. This was not only a matter of scientific recognition, but also of securing patents for future applications. Competition developed not only between research groups, but also between nations, especially the United States and Japan. Everyone wanted to get in on the ground floor of any emerging applications. A kind of gold fever had broken out in the research community; after years of disillusionment, unfounded reports, and stagnation, suddenly it was again possible to "do physics" and to dream of superconductivity at room temperature.
After the Breakthrough: The Emergence of High-Temperature Superconductivity as a Research Field by Helga Nowotny
Categories: Solid State Physics