By Maciej Widawski
During this pioneering exploration of African American slang - a hugely casual vocabulary and an important point of African American English - Maciej Widawski explores styles of shape, which means, topic and serve as, exhibiting it to be a rule-governed, leading edge and culturally revealing vernacular. Widawski's finished description is predicated on a wide database of contextual citations from hundreds of thousands of latest resources, together with literature and the clicking, track, movie and tv. additionally it is an alphabetical word list of 1,500 consultant slang expressions, outlined and illustrated via 4,500 utilization examples. because of its sizeable measurement, the word list can stand on my own as a dictionary supplying readers with a competent reference of phrases. Combining scholarship with user-friendliness, this publication is an insightful and sensible source for college kids and researchers in linguistics and normal readers drawn to exploring lexical edition in modern English.
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Additional resources for African American Slang: A Linguistic Description
Equally important was the format in which the material was analyzed and described. Consequently, this part of the chapter contains answers to the following methodological questions: what lexical material was searched? where and how was it collected? and in what manner is it described? 1 Scope There were several criteria used to determine the scope of lexical material to be searched, included and analyzed in this study. The most general and fundamental criterion was that all the lexical material had to be identiﬁed as African American slang as deﬁned on the preceding pages.
Certain combinations have caught on, while others were merely improvised, spur-of-the-moment creations most likely doomed to be forgotten (and are therefore not included in the Glossary). See the following: The one in red’s a totally tappable [¼ legal or suitable for having sex] chick (Facebook, 2011) His deﬁnition of ghettocentric [¼ ghetto-oriented] imagination suggests the explosion of the hood ﬁlm genre provided a space for contemporary Black youth expression (All Hip Hop, 2011) His little sister was harassed by a gangbanger [¼ member of a criminal gang] on a city bus (Ebony, 2008) He still lives frugally there, maintaining it in the ghetto-esque [¼ similar to a ghetto] area (Pop Matters, 2005) I’m a bootyholic [¼ obsessed with sex or women], every time I look at that girl, you make a nigga wanna sing (Black Planet, 2011) Hold on to the sistahood [¼ African American women collectively]!
On the other hand, not all slang changes quickly. For instance, the comparison of successive editions of Smitherman’s dictionary, Black Talk (2000a; ﬁrst published in 1994), demonstrates that numerous entries remain the same, having resisted change and remaining in use in African American communities. The offensive or vulgar nature of certain slang expressions was not a criterion for their exclusion. Since this book advocates the descriptive rather than the prescriptive view on language, it records language as it is actually used rather than as it should be used.
African American Slang: A Linguistic Description by Maciej Widawski
Categories: African American Studies