By Daniel Lieberman, Matthias Jonas, Zbigniew Nahorski, Sten Nilsson
Uncertainty research is a key portion of nationwide greenhouse gases stock analyses. the problems which are raised via the authors during this quantity, and the function that uncertainty research performs in lots of in their arguments and/or proposals, spotlight the significance of such efforts. insurance contains: bottom-up as opposed to top-down emission stock techniques, compliance and verification concerns, and the function of uncertainty in emissions buying and selling schemes.
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Extra info for Accounting for Climate Change: Uncertainty in Greenhouse Gas Inventories - Verification, Compliance, and Trading
First, it could exempt certain activities from a national reduction requirement, even though they are clearly caused by human actions. Furthermore, one main reason for fully covering all greenhouse gases and all sources is that abatement options may be cheaper for other gases than for carbon dioxide. In fact, it has been shown that the large contributors to uncertainty are among the most promising for cost-effective emission reductions (Klaassen et al. 2004). 2 Covariance and the Definition of Adequate System Boundaries One particularly interesting aspect of error propagation is the effect of covariance on the additive terms of an emission calculation.
In this paper, we will begin to explore some of these issues in the context of practical applications of uncertainty estimates in national GHG inventories. We examine three distinct applications of uncertainty information and quantified uncertainty estimates. The first two applications involve uncertainty estimates as inputs to the policy process. Specifically, we look at two types of adjustment mechanisms: (1) adjustments to emissions inventories for determining compliance with Kyoto-like commitments;3 and (2) adjustments to emissions trading ratios.
We also make the equally critical distinction between inventory uncertainties and regulatory uncertainty. makers should be fairly confident that the uncertainty estimates are not systematically biased or otherwise likely to be far from actual uncertainty. It will also be important that the adjustment factor be applied equitably across all countries, in the sense that countries not be able to manipulate the mechanism in their own interests. These and other characteristics are discussed in the sections below.
Accounting for Climate Change: Uncertainty in Greenhouse Gas Inventories - Verification, Compliance, and Trading by Daniel Lieberman, Matthias Jonas, Zbigniew Nahorski, Sten Nilsson