By Norman Lieberman, Elizabeth Lieberman
The most recent tools for troubleshooting and preserving procedure equipment
Applicable to a large variety of technicians and industries and entirely up-to-date all through, A operating consultant to strategy Equipment, Fourth version, explains how one can diagnose, troubleshoot, and proper issues of chemical and petroleum refining procedure gear. 9 new chapters conceal:
- Tray layout information
- Shell-and-tube warmth exchanger layout info
- Relief valve procedure layout
- Vapor lock and exchanger flooding in steam structures
- Steam iteration working and layout info
- Wastewater strippers
- Thermodynamics -- the way it applies to procedure apparatus
- Centrifugal pumps -- decreasing seal and bearing mess ups
- Hand calculations for distillation towers
- Vapor -- liquid equilibrium, absorption, and stripping calculations
Filled with examples and illustrations, this useful source demonstrates how concept applies to fixing real-world plant operation difficulties. chosen hand calculation tools also are provided.
Comprehensive insurance includes:
Distillation Tower Trays * Tower strain keep watch over * Distillation Towers * Reboilers * Tower Internals * tools * Packed Towers * Steam and Condensate structures * Bubble element and Dew element * Steam Strippers * Draw-Off Nozzle Hydraulics * Pumparounds and Tower warmth Flows * Condensers and Tower strain regulate * Air Coolers * Deaerators and Steam platforms * Steam new release * Wastewater Strippers * Vacuum platforms * Steam generators * floor Condensers * Shell-and-Tube warmth Exchangers * Fired warmers * Refrigeration structures * Cooling Water platforms * Catalytic results * Centrifugal Pumps * keep watch over Valves * Separators * Centrifugal Compressors and Surge * Reciprocating Compressors * Corrosion * Fluid stream in Pipes * Super-Fractionation level * laptop keep watch over * box Troubleshooting
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Extra info for A Working Guide to Process Equipment
But the heat of vaporization does not come from the steam, it comes mainly from the product itself. This is true even if the steam is superheated. As an adult, I grow my own mushrooms on logs and consume them quite happily. Mom’s gone now, and I would give a lot for a bowl of her mushroom soup. But I still remember the lesson about the reduction in partial pressure and the conversion of sensible heat to latent heat. 5 Corrosion at Home My mother always thought that I was a genius. ” My mother decided that I was a genius based on one incident that happened when I was six years old.
For water it’s 2 percent for each 100°F. Viscosity Expressed in centipoises it is a fluid property measuring how much a fluid in a pipe drags along the walls. Centipoises or centistokes Both terms have about the same value. A high viscosity fluid has 100 centipoises (cP) such as cold, heavy crude oil. A low viscosity fluid has 1 or 2 cP such as water or kerosene. Going from 2 to 20 cP would about double the pressure drop in a pipeline. Liquids over 100 cP or centistokes (cSt) are not easily pumped by a centrifugal pump.
1 An air lift pump circulates water. The problem was that in 1974 I didn’t understand how the acid air lift pump worked either. More nitrogen pumped more acid. That’s all we knew in Texas City, and all we cared to know. Thinking about Texas City and my university days, my thoughts drifted to an earlier time. Back before my high school days in Brooklyn. Back to my childhood and to memories of my yellow balloon. The balloon was full of helium and I lost it. The balloon escaped because it was lighter than air.
A Working Guide to Process Equipment by Norman Lieberman, Elizabeth Lieberman
Categories: Industrial Engineering